FAO data estimates that between 2000 and 2005 worldwide deforestation was 13 million Ha per year, an annual loss of 0.18%. These losses are concentrated in developing countries. For example Central America lost an average of 285,000 Ha or 1.3% per year, a deforestation rate more than seven times the international average. During this same period Guatemala lost approximately 54,000 Ha (1.3%) of its forest per year nationwide. The greatest loss of forest cover was concentrated in the department of Petén. Deforestation rates in Petén are estimated to be between 1.8 and 2.0% annually and represent more than 85% of the total deforestation occurring in Guatemala. Generally speaking, Petén forests are rapidly and uncontrollably being replaced with low intensity agriculture such as slash and burn farming and cattle ranching.
Green Millennium intends to return these degraded lands to their previous land use, forests, by establishing productive, sustainably managed forestry plantations and protecting existing released secondary forest.